ADVERB CLAUSE OF RESULT – Mệnh đề trạng ngữ chỉ kết quả

[HK1-L9-Part7]

1.Adverb clause with “ so”: ( vì vậy, do đó, cho nên ): là một liên từ (conjuntion) dùng để diễn đạt kết quả của một sự việc hoặc hành động

So + result ( vì + kết quả/ hậu quả)
Ex: Hoa worked hard, so she passed her exam [result].
(she passed the exam because she worked hard.[reason])

2.Adverb clause withso / such ……that” ( đến nỗi mà )
a. so + adjective / adverb + that
Jim is so intelligent that he always understands what I say.
She is so lazy that she doesn’t want to study at all.
b. such + noun + that
She is such a good student that all her teachers like her.
They are such beautiful pictures that I want to buy them all.

3.Adverb clause with “ so much / many / few / little + noun + that”
a. so much + uncountable noun + that: nhiều … đến nổi
I have so much money that I don’t know what to do with it.
b. so little + uncountable noun + that: it … đến nổi
She eats so little food that she weighs only 40 kilos
c. so many + countable noun + that: nhiều … đến nổi
I have so many friends that I can remember all their names.
d. so few + countable noun + that : ít …..đến nổi
There were so few people that we couldn’t lift the box.

Hãy so sánh với: Because + reason (bởi vì + nguyên nhân)
Ex:
We missed the beginning of the film because we arrived late. (Chúng tôi đã bỏ lỡ phần đầu của bộ phim vì chúng tôi đến trễ.)
The flight was delayed because there was fog. (Chuyến bay bị hoãn lại bởi vì có sương mù)

 

Bài Tập: [HK1-L9-Part7]

I. Rewrite the following sentences so that the second sentence means exactly the same as the sentence before it. One example has been done for you.
Example: He didn’t write to her because he didn’t like her.
->He didn’t like her, so he didn’t write to her.

1. I like table tennis and that’s why I spend a lot of time on that game.
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
2. Beacause the weather was cold, we had to cancel our picnic.
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
3. I won’t forget to phone her. You know, I like her so much.
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
4. They tried their best to complete the course and that was why they passed it.
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
5. I love my city so much, so I think I will stay and work here in my city.
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

 

II. Use so and the cue given to write sentences.
Example:
It/ start/ rain/ we/ stop/ play/ tennis.
It started to rain, so we stopped playing tennis.

1. The weather/ bad/ we/ not enjoy/ our holiday.
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
2. She/ be/ tired/ go/ home.
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
3. He/ work/ hard/ pass/ all his exams.
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
4. We/ want/ get a good seat/ arrive/ the cinema/ early.
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
5. Paul/ be/ very hungry/ eat/ like a horse.
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

 

III. Because or so? Choose the correct word.
1. I am flying home tomorrow _______ my mother is very ill.
a. because    b. so
2. The flood was very severe,_______ we had to move.
a. because     b. so
3. I didn’t want to be late,________ I left early.
a. because b. so
4. She went to the bank ________ she went to withdraw some money.
a. because b. so
5. The boy was sent to an orphanage ______ he had no parents.
a. because  b. so
6. He’s lazy, _______ his parents are worried.
a. because b. so
7. She’s very helpful,________ we like her.
a. because b. so
8. She never wants to go there ______ she’s afraid of snakes.
a. because  b. so
9. My brother wants to improve his English,_______ he chose to study in Australia.
a. because b. so
10. He was tired, _______ he stopped working.
a. because b. so

IV. Choose the underlined word or phrase that needs correcting.
1. She worked hard, but he passed her exam.
2. Liz took many photos, or she could show the pagoda to her parents.
3. My racket is broken, or I can’t play tennis.
4. We haven’t got any food, but we’re going shopping.
5. Mark missed his bus, because he was late for school.
6. He woke up late, because she didn’t go to school.
7. We took a taxi home so the rain was very heavy.
8. The beach was very crowded, because there was hardly room to sit down.
9. I want to study in Japan or learn Japanese.
10. They didn’t have enough money, because they didn’t buy the house.